EBP: What Is It & Will It Benefit My Child?
Evidence-based practice is an approach in which clinicians integrate high-quality research with clinical expertise and client preferences and values to ensure high-quality services. Evidence-based practice may be used during the evaluation and therapy processes. The clinician should utilize evidence-based practice throughout the entire therapeutic process (i.e., evaluation through discharge).
Evidenced-Based Practice utilizes three components:
- Clinical expertise
- Evidence (external and internal)
- Client/Patient/Caregiver perspectives
A break-down of each component:
- Clinical Expertise – The knowledge, judgment, and critical reasoning acquired through the clinician’s training and professional experiences.
- For example, a clinician may reflect on their experiences of diagnosing, treating, and learning about childhood apraxia of speech to create an appropriate care plan for a client with a new diagnosis of childhood apraxia of speech.
- Evidence – The best available information gathered from the scientific literature (external evidence) and/or data and observations collected from your client (internal evidence).
- For example, clinicians may find peer-reviewed research articles that support a treatment approach (external evidence). The clinician may have collected data from previous clients they treated when utilizing a specific treatment approach (internal evidence).
- Client/Patient/Caregiver Perspectives – The unique set of personal and cultural circumstances, values, priorities, and expectations identified by your client and their caregivers.
- For example, there may be several effective treatment strategies that research suggests; however, the clinician should consider the client’s personal and cultural circumstances when deciding if the treatment strategy will be beneficial.
Will evidence-based practice benefit my child?
Yes, a child will benefit from evidence-based practice as it allows the clinician to maintain the knowledge and skills that are necessary for high-quality services. Furthermore, evidence-based practice allows the clinician to recognize the needs and preferences of your child while incorporating evidence-based therapeutic strategies. Without evidence-based practice, your child may receive therapy that delays progress.
-Samantha Graffius, M.S., CF-SLP